PILGRIMAGE  in  HOLY-LANDS

 

JERICHO

 

Jericho was the town Jesus was leaving on His way to Jerusalem and the Cross when a blind man by the name of Bartimaeus began shouting, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!" He wanted Jesus to heal his blindness. Jesus said to him, "Go, your faith has healed you" and immediately he received his sight and followed Jesus along the road.

 

Kota Jericho

 

Town in the West Bank, located in the Jordan Valley, north of the Dead Sea and west of the Jordan River. Jericho is the world's oldest known settlement and is famous in biblical history. From 1967 to 1994 Jericho was occupied and administered by Israel. In 1994 it became the first town in the West Bank to come under Palestinian administration.

 

Sebetulnya kota tua Jericho hanya tinggal puing-puing saja

Located about 244 m (about 800 ft) below sea level, Jericho is one of the lowest cities in the world. Its climate is hot and dry in summer and mild in winter, supporting the growth of such crops as dates, bananas, and citrus fruits. Most of Jericho's agricultural land is irrigated by small private wells that provide water throughout the year; the city draws its water from an irrigation system originating at the Ayn as Sultan Spring, which has supplied Jericho with water since ancient times. In addition to agricultural activities, Jericho has a long-standing tourist industry. Road traffic from Jerusalem and other cities in northern Israel converges in Jericho, and roads continue south to the Dead Sea and the Negev. Traffic from the Allenby Bridge crossing on the Jordanian border passes through Jericho as well.

Kota Jericho yang baru

Points of interest in Jericho include a 6th-century synagogue with an intact mosaic; Hisham's palace, which was built in the 700s as a winter retreat for the Umayyad Caliph Hisham and is a surviving example of early Islamic architecture (see Caliphate); and the Byzantine structure of Saint George's monastery. Located nearby are the Mount of Temptation (Qaranşal, Dayr al), which, according to New Testament tradition, is the site where the devil tempted Jesus Christ, and the caves of Qumrân, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in 1947

Pasar di dalam kota Jericho

Jericho is the site of the oldest settlement yet to be discovered, with significant archaeological remains dating back as far as 8000BC. Located about 2 km (about 1 mi) from today's city center, the settlement included a walled community and a high tower. Additional findings from the period indicate that there was irrigated agriculture, revealing the prehistoric shift from nomadic to settled forms of life. Jericho is well-known in biblical history as the site of a siege by Joshua and the Israelites. The city functioned as an administrative center for the Persians in the 6th century BC and became a royal resort in the time of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC. Around 30BC Jericho was awarded to Herod the Great by the Roman emperor Augustus. Herod laid out new aqueducts and built a theater and winter palace there.

Jerusalem Timur, terlihat dari Jericho

Between the 4th and 7th centuries AD Jericho attracted many pilgrims and the population grew considerably. The city was taken over by Arabs in the 7th century, and during the 12th and 13th centuries Crusaders controlled Jericho and greatly expanded the cultivation of sugarcane in the region (see Crusades). After the defeat of the Crusaders by the Muslim leader Saladin, Jericho's vitality declined. In 1840 the Egyptian general Ibrahim Pasha razed the city when he withdrew his army to Egypt.

Bukit dekat Jericho, Yesus dicobai iblis setelah berpuasa 40 hari

 

Di puncak bukit dekat kota Jericho ada Gereja Pencobaan (The Church of the Temptation). Beberapa kilometer dari situ adalah Sungai Jordan tempat Yesus dibaptis (Matius 3:13-17). Roh Allah menaungi Yesus ketika Yesus berpuasa 40 hari dan dicobai setan (Matius 4:1-11). Tanah di bukit ini benar-benar kering dan berbatuan. The Church of the Temptation memperingati pencobaan yang dialami Yesus di akhir puasaNya. Di dalam gereja itu tinggal biarawan dan biarawati, dengan altar kecil Greek-Orthodox. Melihat ke luar dari gereja ini, mungkin mirip dengan apa yang Yesus lihat ketika setan menunjukkanNya "kerajaan dunia" (Matius 4:8).

Di luar gereja ada bentuk batu yang sesuai aslinya jaman Yesus, bisa-bisa batu-batuan ini yang dilalui Yesus ketika turun dari bukit untuk menuju Jerusalem.

Tampak dari kejauhan dinding Jerusalem yang baru (tembok yang asli sudah dirusak pada tahun 70), dan juga tampak Taman Gethsemane, Bukit Zaitun, dan tanah pekuburan orang miskin yang ditumbuhi pohon zaitun.        

 

 

So-called "Mount of Temptation" near Palestinian controlled Jericho

 

After his baptism by John, Jesus "was led by the Spirit in the desert." The "desert" mentioned by Luke would seem to be the desolate landscape between Jericho and Jerusalem, and there Satan looked for opportunities to tempt him.
Jesus left the warm Jordan valley, well below sea level, and ascended the desolate highlands to the west. The brown rolling hills, only sparsely dotted with green shrubs, were barren compared to the cultivated farmland around Nazareth. Broom trees, erect and scraggly, grew only to about eight feet, providing scant shade. Centuries earlier, the prophet Elijah, on the run from the vengeance of Jezebel, sat down under a sparse broom tree and prayed that he might die: "I have had enough, Lord," he said. "Take my life; I am no better than my ancestors" (1 Kings 19:4).
With pilgrim's walking staff in hand, Jesus trudged through rain and occasional snow, blustery winds and damp cold, relieved only by the pale sun. The limestone made for rough walking, even for one accustomed to traveling on foot. Some of the paths had been washed away by water from sudden rain squalls erupting through the ravines (wadis). He had heard about the bands of roving thugs that preyed on lone, unprotected travelers. Perhaps speaking from experience he would later tell a parable of a man robbed and beaten by such predators on the road from Jerusalem to Jericho (Luke 10:30-37). This area was also famous for its lions.

 

Judean desert from the road between Jericho and Jerusalem


After wandering through the area for "forty days and forty nights" (a number recalling the experiences of Moses and Elijah, also the 40 years of Israel's testing in the desert), huddling in caves at night and fragile from a lack of sleep, Jesus was extremely hungry and soon noticed the countless flat, rounded stones littering the desert floor. One stone in particular resembled the loaves of bread baked by his mother in his Nazareth home. Satan noticed it too and said to him, "If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread." Satan's request for a miracle would seem a perfect way for Jesus to show that he was indeed the Son of God, as revealed by the Holy Spirit at his baptism. But Jesus refused. Instead, he used a scriptural reference to state that he could not be reduced to a physical need: "It is written (in Deuteronomy 8:3): 'Man does not live on bread alone.'"
 

Mount of Temptation


Satan persisted; he took Jesus to a "high place and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world." He further stated that he would give Jesus "all their authority and splendor, for it has been given to me, and I can give it to anyone I want to. So if you worship me, it will all be yours." Jesus responded with: "It is written (in Deuteronomy 6:13): 'Worship the Lord your God and serve him only.'"
Christian tradition has identified a prominent mountain west of the tell of ancient Jericho as the site of this temptation. Nearby was the wealthy city of New Testament Jericho, now represented by ruins called Tulul Abu al-Alayiq, some 2 miles southwest. The houses of New Testament Jericho could be compared to the best of Pompeii and Satan may well have pointed to them as representing all the wealthy cities of the world.


Remains at Tulul Abu al-Alayiq, the site of wealthy New Testament Jericho at the time of Jesus. Left center is the foundations of Herod the Great's third palace. In the distance is modern Jericho.
 

Agricultural field


Lastly, Satan led Jesus to Jerusalem and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. "If you are the Son of God," he said, "throw yourself down from here. For it is written: 'He will command his angels concerning you to guard you carefully; they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.'"


Although Satan correctly quoted scripture (Psalm 91:11-12), he misused the passage: "For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways; they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone."). Jesus again answered Satan with a scripture passage, citing Deuteronomy 6:16: "It says: 'Do not put the Lord your God to the test.'"

 

 

 

GOD IS THE LORD WHO DOES MIRACLES

   

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